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According to the poll, about 11 per cent of Americans say China as an ally, while 44 per cent say it is a friendly nation.
About 40 per cent of those interviewed say China is either unfriendly or an enemy.
Gallup said younger Americans and Democrats are much more likely to see China as a friend to the United States than older Americans and Republicans.
It said Americans have generally been positive toward China when Gallup has asked this question over the past 13 years.
The poll’s results are likely to provide President Barack Obama with a boost as he tries to find common ground with traditional economic rival China.
On June 7, Xi will meet with Obama during a two-day visit before he and his delegation head to Mexico and Latin America.
The two leaders are likely to discuss tensions on the Korean Peninsula as they try to reach a common approach on how to deal with the North’s aggressive rhetoric against its southern neighbour.
Xi is also likely to press China’s claim on disputed islands in the South China and East China seas.
Friction between the two economic powers were heightened at the beginning of the year when former secretary of state Hillary Clinton strongly criticised Beijing’s maneuvering around Islands it and Japan have both claimed.
With inputs from Xinhua