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According to the final census released by home minister Sushilkumar Shinde on Tuesday, India’s total population as on March 1, 2011 is 1,210,726,932 or 1.21 billion — an increase of 181.96 million persons in absolute number of population during 2001-11.
There was an increase of 90.97 million men and increase of 90.99 million women.
The growth rate of women is 18.3 per cent and is higher than that of men which stands at 17.1 per cent.
Improvement in female literacy was higher than males in almost all states.
Eighty one per cent of 119 million marginal workers reported to have worked for 3-6 months, meaning that the proportion of marginal workers who stay unemployed for most of the year has declined.
“This category of 3-6 months is very significant because it shows the impact (of the rural employment guarantee law).. since they have worked for more than 100 days,” C Chandramouli, registrar general of India and Census commissioner said.
Urban proportion has gone up from 17.3 per cent in 1951 to 31.2 per cent in 2011.
The highest proportion of urban population is in NCT Delhi (97.5 per cent).