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According to London’s Telegraph, Christian militias have rejoiced at the departure of Djotodia – a Muslim – but also began to rampage through the lawless capital on the weekend.
There were reports of looting and cannibalism as French troops tried to regain control of the security situation.
Two weeks ago, Djotodia called on the Muslim militia, which helped bring him to power, to exercise restraint and lay down their arms after nearly 1,000 people were reported killed in fighting with newly formed Christian militias.
Two leading human rights organisations have also urged the UN to increase the number of armed peacekeeping forces in the Central African Republic (CAR) saying that thousands of people have been killed and injured in the past two weeks.
They both said that crimes against humanity may have been committed, including people hacked to death and entire villages razed to the ground.
Their appeal came amid continued fighting which shattered the relative calm that had prevailed since French troops in the capital Bangui began to police the city and disarm militias.
But the French presence may not be enough.
In late December, French President Francois Hollande urged his European allies to contribute troops to help stabilise the country. A number of countries are already providing logistical support, but a joint European peacekeeping mission won’t be decided until late January.
In early December, the UN Security Council authorised French troops to use force to quell the violence.
The current crisis in CAR – a mineral rich nation of 4.6 million people – began in December 2012 when Seleka – a rebel amalgamation of several different factions – began to move toward Bangui in hopes of removing Bozize, a military officer who seized power in 2003 and has been elected president twice since then.
Analysts say that the rebel gains underscore the instability and extreme poverty that has plagued the country since independence from Paris in 1960 despite possessing vast agricultural, water and mineral resources, including uranium, gold and diamonds. The average monthly income is around $60.
In January, a ceasefire was reached and an UN-sponsored peace process led to the formation of a unity government in which the president was allowed to remain in office till 2016, provided top ministerial positions went to members of the Seleka Coalition.
However, on March 23, the Coalition broke the national unity agreement and seized the capital Bangui. In the fighting, 13 South African peace-keeping soldiers were killed and 27 others wounded during a clash with the rebels. South Africa withdrew its forces.